Paranormal Science

Understanding the science behind the paranormal world

INTRODUCTION

   While the majority of science in the paranormal field is still inconclusive or unproven YET, there are many theories with a fair amount of evidence to support and prove that ghosts and the paranormal exist. Paranormal is defined as "beyond the range of normal experience or scientific explanation." There ARE things in our world that no one can explain; this is a FACT, as new discoveries are made daily in the vast fields of the scientific world.
A good chunk of science used in the paranormal field of research is used to debunk or explain things thought to be supernatural; once examined these things turn out to be normal occurrences which create the illusion of something paranormal. However, it is often the same science which concludes the opposite; in the efforts to find logical explanations, the unexpected is found, things that cannot be explained by normal means. One could say that this lack of  vindication is the evidence which proves that the paranormal is real. Using an array of different scientific instruments, paranormal researchers capture time and time again the unexplainable; sounds, images, or other readings such as temperature and EMF spikes which defy explanation; things seen but not heard, heard but not seen, touched by invisible forces, you name it. And all of which have been captured on cameras, recorders, and much more, from people all around the world; and stories of such things go back for centuries, from the beginnings of human history. So many accounts cannot go unheeded; even if testimonies become exaggerated over time, they are still based on true events.

THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD

   Putting aside the occasional hoaxes and the other events which do have explanations, all of these other incidents have no scientific explanation, yet there is indisputable proof of their existence. Well, not exactly no scientific explanations; there are a number of theories, they've simply yet to be 100% proven or accepted by the whole of the scientific community. It is the goal of paranormal researches to try and prove these theories and come up with new theories to explain supernatural incidents, using the scientific method.

THEORIES AND EXPLANATIONS

*EM THEORY*

   EM or Electromagnetic theory, is the theory that ghosts are made electromagnetic energy. Magnetic waves consistently flow through our atmosphere and come from both natural and man-made sources. The fields then fluctuate due to a variety of factors such as heating by the sun, tidal forces from the sun and moon, the impact of photons from outer space and localized weather conditions, for example, lightning. Variations to local conditions such as magnetic minerals, tectonic stresses and equipment operating on mains power can all contribute to fluctuations. Skeptics believe that the fluctuating magnetic fields mess with the mind, causing people to believe they have seen a ghost while believers believe it is the presence of a ghost that has caused the magnetic fields to fluctuate. In reality, an unconfirmed factor is generating fluctuations in the magnetic fields within haunted locations. Either way it has been confirmed that paranormal activity is heightened in areas of abnormal or high electromagnetic fields.

*INFRASOUND*

  Infrasound refers to extreme bass waves or vibrations, those with a frequency below the audibility range of the human ear (20 Hz to 22 kHz). Even though these waves can’t be heard by us, they can be felt and have been shown to produce a range of effects in some people including anxiety, extreme sorrow, and chills attributed to hauntings and ghosts. “Loud infrasound in the range of 0.5 to 10 Hz is sufficient to activate the vestibular, or balance system, in the inner ear.” The study of such sound waves is sometimes referred to as infrasonics. Infrasound has been proven to be the cause behind some hauntings, in the right circumstances. Structural architecture combined with the right elements can produce these circumstances which cause infrasound. While this may explain some hauntings, it does not explain them all by any means; only a handful.

*RESIDUAL HAUNTING*

  May also be called Psychic Imprinting. This theory states that ghosts are recordings of past events in certain surroundings, energy that is trapped somewhere in the time continuum and re-play  events that were emotionally "charged", to living people sensitive enough to discern them. Although most agree that these types of apparitions do appear to be "recorded" somehow in the surroundings, there is disagreement on how exactly we as observers perceive these recordings.  One side postulates that it is something within the observer that sets the recording in motion, and that the recording thus "plays inside our heads."  The other side postulates that the recording is being played externally for all to see, but that only those with the right "gift" can experience it. We know from science that everything is composed of energy.  Our thoughts, feelings, sensations, experiences, and indeed our very souls are all forms of energy. The theory is that when the physical body dies, this energy continues on in some form and can be tapped by living persons sensitive enough to perceive it. (Energy is always transferred, it cannot be terminated; it just changes form.) Thus, this kind of apparition is not a thinking entity, nor does it have a will or a purpose, and it is no more of a threat to the observer than watching a character on a television show. 
  Some theories state that certain minerals are capable of recording these energies, or otherwise making it possible for such energies to manifest. Rocks such as limestone, quarts, and crystals have these properties. Places with these minerals tend to have more residual hauntings and paranormal activity.

*DIMENSIONAL THEORY*

     THIS THEORY: According to this theory, ghosts are actual beings living in one or more parallel dimensions. The concept of a parallel universe is a fairly complex one.  To put it simply, this theory suggests that there are one or more (perhaps an infinite number) of complete universes co-existing with us on a plane we are generally not aware of. Thus, when we see an apparition, especially one seemingly from another time and place, it could be that we getting a rare glimpse into another dimension or reality and we are seeing events develop in that plane of existence. According to the same "string" theory, ghosts might also be the result of time slips, if time is nonlinear. An event that happened in the past might be seen briefly in our time because of a fluctuation in time/space.
The idea of other dimensions is an old one. It is speculated by many that doorways or "portals" to other dimensions exist in certain areas which allow entities to travel into our dimension.  These entities may be spirits, demons, extraterrestrials, or something we have never even imagined. It appears that portals are at fixed places all over the world, and that they don't move or drift from place to place.  Whether new portals open up from time to time is unclear, though rituals exist that claim to open such portals.  One might wonder why humans don't seem to be able to pass through these dimensional portals. It appears that the reason is that we are hindered by our physical bodies, for some people who participate in meditation or an astral projection exercises claim they have the capability to pass through and explore these realms.  Some speculations state that these other entities or energies vibrate or function at much higher or lower frequencies than humans, which explains why we capture them on camera or video but do not see them with our eyes; they are either too fast or slow for human eyes to see, or too high or low for the human ear to hear, which is why their voices appear on digital recorders weather or not they are heard by the person at the time of the recording. sometimes the only evidence of these energies are the changes in temperature they seem to produce, which we may feel or be able to measure but cannot see.

  THE SCIENCE: In mathematics and physics, the dimension of a space or object is informally defined as the minimum number of coordinates needed to specify each point within it. Thus a line has a dimension of one because only one coordinate is needed to specify a point on it. A surface such as a plane or the surface of a cylinder or sphere has a dimension of two because two coordinates are needed to specify a point on it (for example, to locate a point on the surface of a sphere you need both its latitude and its longitude). The inside of a cube, a cylinder or a sphere is three-dimensional because three co-ordinates are needed to locate a point within these spaces.
    In physical terms, dimension refers to the constituent structure of all space and its position in time, as well as the spatial constitution of objects within; structures that have correlations with both particle and field conceptions, interact according to relative properties of mass, and which are fundamentally mathematical in description. These or other axes may be referenced to uniquely identify a point or structure in its attitude and relationship to other objects and events. Physical theories that incorporate time, such as general relativity, are said to work in 4-dimensional "space-time", (defined as a Minkowski space). Modern theories tend to be "higher-dimensional" including quantum field and string theories. The state-space of quantum mechanics is an infinite-dimensional function space.
    The concept of dimension is not restricted to physical objects. High-dimensional spaces occur in mathematics and the sciences for many reasons, frequently as configuration spaces such as in Lagrangian or Hamiltonian mechanics; these are abstract spaces, independent of the physical space we live in.
    Quantum Mechanics, also known as quantum physics is a branch of physics providing a mathematical description of much of the dual particle-like and wave-like behavior and interactions of energy and matter. It departs from classical mechanics primarily at the atomic and subatomic scales, the so-called quantum realm. In advanced topics of quantum mechanics, some of these behaviors are macroscopic and only emerge at very low or very high energies or temperatures. Quantum Field theory(QFT), provides a theoretical framework for constructing quantum mechanical models of systems classically parametrized (represented) by an infinite number of dynamical degrees of freedom, that is, fields and (in a condensed matter context) many-body systems. It is the natural and quantitative language of particle physics and condensed matter physics.Quantum field theory is thought by many to be the unique and correct outcome of combining the rules of quantum mechanics with special relativity. 
     String theory is a developing theory in particle physics that attempts to reconcile quantum mechanics and general relativity. It is a contender for the theory of everything (TOE), a manner of describing the known fundamental forces and matter in a mathematically complete system. The theory has yet to make testable experimental predictions, which a theory must do in order to be considered a part of science. String theory mainly posits that the electrons and quarks within an atom are not 0-dimensional objects, but rather 1-dimensional oscillating or vibrating lines, aka "strings". The earliest string model, the bosonic string, incorporated only bosons, although this view developed to the superstring theory, which posits that a connection (a "super-symmetry") exists between bosons and fermions. String theories also require the existence of several extra, unobservable, dimensions to the universe, in addition to the usual four spacetime dimensions.

The following link shares a short but good explanation on dimensions, with comprehensive visuals: NOVA

*MATRIXING*

A legitimate definition for this term is rather difficult to find. Matrixing is in many ways a subset of Pareidolia; The way paranormal researches use the term matixing carries the same meaning as the word pareidolia, which is a more correct term. Pareidolia is defined as: "A type of illusion or misperception involving a vague stimulus which is perceived as clearly being something. A psychological phenomenon involving a vague and random stimulus (usually an image) being mistakenly perceived as recognizable. Common examples include images of animals or faces in clouds, and hearing hidden messages on records played in reverse." The term matrixing has more to do with things like random patterns of pixels or elements within a photo, blurring in videos and photos, and our interpretation of that pixilation and blurring, etc. The terms simulacra or simulacrum are also used to describe this phenomenon. The definition of simulacra/simulacrum is: an insubstantial or vague semblance.

*OTHER EXPLANATIONS*

     Some other common theories as to why ghosts exist, what they are, or why they hang around are:

  1. Ghosts are human spirits who had  traumatizing experiences during their life or at the time of their death and cannot move on.
  2. Ghosts are human spirits who do not know that they are dead; their spirits linger instead of moving on.
  3. Ghosts are human spirits who have unfinished business; they did not accomplish certain goals before they died and are still trying to get closure; or they may be saying their final goodbyes to loved ones, simply visiting, or trying to communicate an important message. The ghost may not have had a proper burial, or may be seeking revenge, etc; the explanations and possibilities go on and on.
  4. What are referred to as ghosts may not be human spirits at all but other entities or energies such as angels or demons, or things such as faeries, gnomes, goblins, etc; all of which come with different explanations or theories.
  5. Ghosts are hallucinations caused by one of the following elements: gas leaks, high EMF fields, mold, old paint,  hallucinogenic drugs, or rarely, mental illness.

Some of these explanations may vary according to one's personal spiritual and religious beliefs, weather you do or don't believe in heaven, hell, purgatory or any afterlife at all. Most of these are subjects of personal opinions, but nonetheless stand as possibilities since nobody can say for sure what happens after you die.

  

ARGUMENTS

  We've heard people make the argument that if ghosts are traumatized human spirits, then why aren't ghosts everywhere? Thinking back through all of human history of all the traumatic deaths which happened in wars and murders, even in today's world with high crime rates and countless unsolved murders each year, ghosts should be everywhere. Just because you have a traumatic death does not mean you cannot pass over peacefully; it all depends on the ability of that spirit/person to accept what has happened to them; that is what determines if they are able to pass through or become stuck. Another thing to consider is this: life for most people these days is so hectic, most people don't notice ghosts if they are around; also not everyone is sensitive to them. Some people can see them while others cant. Just because you don't experience them doesn't mean they aren't there. Some ghosts simply aren't active, or not active all the time; they do not always have the energy to manifest themselves, but it does not mean they aren't still there. Another matter to consider is reincarnation; there are many stories out there of people who remember their past lives. Or, as stated in the dimensional theory, they come and go, they aren't always around, or are only here for a short time before they move on, etc. Death is not an end, it is simply a transition; a human soul is composed of energy; as Einstein demonstrated, energy cannot be destroyed; it transforms. Honestly once you start investigating the paranormal you'll be amazed at how many cases there really are, which exist everywhere all around the world, throughout time, all the time. It is not a rare occurrence, it happens daily. Just because most of these cases or places go unnoticed or unrecognized doesn't mean they aren't out there.

CONCLUSION

   Many say there is no science behind the paranormal; we hope that we've shown you otherwise. Don't be too quick to disregard paranormal science when its labeled inconclusive; all that means is that the science is still ongoing and evolving. Think of it as unfinished, its a work in progress. There is still much to learn and discover in this field, especially with today's advanced technology; every innovation in the science world is exciting and full of promise and opportunity everyone can benefit from. History is full of scientists who were laughed at and not taken seriously during their time, only later for their theories to be proved right, and themselves to be proved geniuses. Where would we be without the curious, the explorers and experimenters, and the innovators; those who ask the questions and find the answers. Never turn down knowledge! You never know when it might come in handy!